Typology dating method
An example is a frequently used fire ring will leave evidence behind in the soil, but it cannot be moved with the occupants.
After archaeologists have excavated the site completely, or to the extent the project planned, they fill the site back in and take the artifacts to be analyzed.
Artifacts can also be dated absolutely, or with an age or year they are from.
This can be done using artifacts found in the site with known dates. They also can be used to determine the culture the artifacts are from.
A feature is evidence of a human activity that is not movable, and usually has a vertical component.
An aspect of a site that is only horizontal, such as a road, is not a feature.
Using all of the information about the artifacts, including context, typology, dating and more, archaeologists can piece together the events and culture of past society.One example of this analysis method is historic ceramics which have been in production for hundreds of years, but not every type of ceramic has been in production for that entire period.Due to technological advances especially during the mid-16 centuries, pottery craftsmen were able to create more refined pastes (less porous), glazes more purified in color and new methods of decorating the pottery (from hand painted to transfer printed) as time went on.Many of these characteristics are easy to identify just by looking at the artifact, but determining the date or date range of production is not always easy.
Over the years archaeologists have identified different methods on how to date different types of artifacts.
It is these changes in how the ceramics were produced that created subtle clues to help the discerning eye determine the specific type of ceramic.